Most research into election fraud has occurred in the six battleground or swing states, until recently. We’re hoping to expand our coverage to every state in the US. The below sections outline what we know so far about North Carolina.


Statement from Lynn Bernstein, Founder, Transparent Elections NC

For the 2020 primary election, I was the lead observer for the Wake County Democratic Party and was deeply troubled by what I observed; a lack of transparency, lax security measures, no bi-partisan chain of custody of some critical election materials, election results being prematurely revealed, no legislative oversight, illegal processing of absentee ballots, weak post election (self) audits and the list goes on. After going through every oversight channel I could think of and getting nowhere, I went public about what I saw and was swiftly fired from being an observer for my party — I do not regret being a whistleblower.

“My observations for the 2020 Primary election do not include my county’s processes on election night because the Wake Election Director would not allow the public to enter the building despite there being a quorum of Board of Elections members present on election night. We were threatened with arrest if we did not leave the property immediately! This is another egregious violation of state law.

“NC continues to engage in illegal and ill-advised practices and will continue doing so unless the public starts to take notice and demand meaningful observation and evidence. Many of the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) 1 and National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL) 2 recommended best practices are not followed by counties and should be explicitly mandated by NC law. A failure to mandate adherence puts the state and counties in legal jeopardy, as candidates could convincingly claim that there was ample opportunity for fraud.

“Finally, NC must stop violating Federal law by destroying ballot images. 3 The ballot images, cast vote records, and list of voter records (along with the metadata) should be released to the public along with all other election evidence. Our democracy depends on a transparent, secure, and publicly verified process.”

Source: Letter to Seth Keshel dated Sep 16, 2021

Transparent Elections NC is a non-partisan grassroots group of volunteers who are making elections better in NC by working with elections officials to ensure that elections are transparent, secure, robustly audited, and publicly verified. Find out how you can get involved via their website or Telegram channel.

Seth Keshel’s Trend Analysis

Former US military intelligence officer and statistical analyst Seth Keshel analyzed the trends of voter registrations versus actual votes and discovered alarming anomalies in a number of counties, ones that defy trends that (in some cases) have proved reliable for over 100 years. He has published a report for every state, indicating which counties’ vote counts align with the trend in voter registrations and which have small or large divergences.

Seth Keshel County Trend Map for North Carolina

Chart legend: Red = Rampant Fraud, Yellow = Likely/Suspect, Green = Clean

Trump votes Biden votes Other votes
Officially reported results 2758775 (49.93%) 2684292 (48.59%) 81761 (1.48%)
Estimate of potential fraud 257000 (4.7%)
Estimate of actual result
(with fraud removed)
2758775 (52.4%) 2427292 (46.1%) 81761 (1.6%)

Seth estimates that there may be approximately 257,000 votes for Biden in excess of what North Carolina registration trends would indicate — a possible indicator of fraud. Counties with the greatest number of excess votes deserve closer inspection.

View Seth’s National Summary   View Seth’s North Carolina Report

Electronic Voting Machines

The polling place equipment used for each county in the US is listed at Verified Voting. They also have a detailed database including photographs of the various models of voting equipment. Note that the polling and ballot marking equipment is different to the scanning and tabulation equipment — both need to be highly secure, and in most cases are not.

Voting machines have introduced many vulnerabilities and avenues for manipulation in elections. Cybersecurity experts tell us that there is no such thing as a fully secure computer system, and the more complex our voting systems and election systems get, with more moving parts and connections, the more impossible it will be for any state or county to defend against a nation-state-level threat. It’s not possible. The efficiency gains brought by machines are not reason enough to tolerate the loss of security, accountability, and transparency.

Elections need to return to paper ballots and mechanical or hand counting to minimize the threat of cyber attacks and manipulation by fraud. Let your state representative, county clerk, county commissioners, and Secretary of State know your opinion about this.

Barcode Transparency Issues

Voters in Mecklenburg, Cherokee, Jackson, Davidson, Davie, Warren, and Perquimans Counties are not allowed to vote using a hand marked paper ballot (HMPB), but are forced to use an ExpressVote machine to cast a vote, which prints the vote in English and also into a barcode. The DS200 and DS450/DS850 machines only count the barcode, completely ignoring the English text. 4

If an attacker manipulated one of these machines to print a false barcode, the voter would have no way of telling that their vote was being miscounted.

Use of Uncertified Machines

The NC State Board’s website on Voting Systems states, “All voting systems used in North Carolina are certified by the federal Election Assistance Commission (EAC) and the State Board of Elections after undergoing mandatory testing by nationally accredited laboratories. All systems used in North Carolina have been tested, used, and audited in other states.”

This was not actually followed in 2020. 5

The state of NC themselves certified an ES&S system, version, but this system was never actually certified by the EAC. The EAC did certify, but not the updated version. The DS200s machines for that system have modems which would allow for internet connectivity, in breach of law. 5

This is the version that Wake County and many other counties in NC are still using. When counties purchased DS200s years ago, they came with wired modems. It was previously legal to send results via modem, but has since been banned. 5

Jerome Lovato, (now former) Director for Voting System Testing and Certification at the EAC confirmed via email that version is not EAC Certified.

Learn more about the DS200 ballot scanning device

Alleged Interference from Mark & Priscilla Zuckerberg

Multiple reports 6 7 8 9 10 accuse charities supported by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife of illegally influencing the 2020 presidential election in multiple states, including North Carolina. Through their donations of $400 million into charities like The Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL), millions poured into the key swing states of Michigan 11, Pennsylvania, Arizona, Wisconsin, Georgia, Nevada, as well as Texas, North Carolina, and Virginia, in violation of federal law. 9

25 out of the 26 cities and counties that received at least $1 million from CTCL were won by Biden in 2020. 7

In North Carolina, donations were dispersed in a seemingly partisan way. Here are the 10 largest donations: 7

RecipientCTCL DonationWinning Candidate
Durham County $1,466,840 Biden
Wake County $1 million Biden
North Carolina Department of State $1 million
Guilford County $366,000 Biden
Orange County $292,255 Biden
Buncombe County $135,881 Biden
Johnston County $112,054 Trump
Alamance County $101,061 Trump
Iredell County $96,648 Trump
Catawba County $91,068 Trump

Having paid poll workers in one district and only minimal volunteers in Republican districts added to the disparity while counting the votes, which could lead to inaccurate tallies.

The American Voter’s Alliance published a detailed investigative report on this issue, as did RealClear Investigations, InfluenceWatch, and Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute.

Arizona legislators are working to ban this practice in the state, and we hope that other states will follow suit.

Other Reports

US Congresswoman Sandy Smith (NC-1) has written a detailed article “North Carolina Needs an Audit and Here’s Why” which delves further into the irregularities that need to be investigated in the state. You can also follow her on Twitter.

Weakened Voter ID Laws

On Sept 17, 2021, two North Carolina judges struck down a law that required photo identification to vote, saying the measure “was enacted with the unconstitutional intent to discriminate against African American voters.” 12 This is despite a Rasmussen poll in March that found that 75% of US voters believe ID should be required, with only 21% opposed. 13

Ballotpedia has an article covering the arguments for and against, including which states require ID.

Get Involved

Volunteers are needed to help verify the irregularities found. One key way this is done is through voter canvassing, with teams analyzing the county and state records and voter rolls, and others going door-to-door to identify whether the records match the actual residents living at the address.

Learn more about Canvassing Volunteer in Your State

Election Audit Groups on Telegram

To join the grassroots efforts in pursuing election integrity and audits of the 2020 election in North Carolina, you can join the following groups on Telegram:

For other states, see our Full List of Telegram Channels. has no affiliation with nor any responsibility for these channels. Discern carefully, as some users and even admins of channels have shown obstruction to transparent audits of our elections.

State Representatives Supporting Election Integrity & Audits

Following the results of the Maricopa Arizona Forensic Audit, 112 state representatives signed a letter asking for forensic audits in all 50 states. The signatories for North Carolina include:

  • Representative Bobby Hanig
  • Representative Tim Moffitt
  • Representative Mitchell Setzer
  • Representative Kelly Hastings

Raw Data

  • In most states, the certified election results and voter registration statistics are available from the Secretary of State or State Board of Elections. Check their website for details.

  • The New York Times 2020 Election Site contains results for all states, with several maps and charts

  • Our own Data Explorer Tool allows you to inspect the 2020 New York Times data, including the time-series data of how the counting progressed, and can be downloaded in JSON or CSV format. It also includes counts for every precinct and county.

  • provides detailed results for 2020 and previous years. Some data is freely accessible on their website, while some, such as detailed historic results in CSV format, is purchasable for a fee.

  • Jeff O’Donnell has compiled additional data at that may be useful:

Footnotes & References

  1. Election Assistance Commission: 6 TIPS For Conducting Election Audits 

  2. National Conference of State Legislators: Election Security: State Policies 8/2/2019 

  3. Justice Department Guidance: July 28, 2021 

  4. Transparent Elections NC: Telegram post, Oct 2, 2021. 

  5. According to Transparent Elections NC: Telegram post, Oct 1, 2021. This PDF (alternate link) explains the difference between vs “The [ES&S] Unity 3411 is a modification of the Unity 3410, to allow for analog landline modeming of unofficial election night results.”  2 3

  6. American Voters Alliance & The Amistad Project: “The Legitimacy and Effect of Private Funding in Federal and State Electoral Processes”, Dec 14, 2020. 

  7. InfluenceWatch: “Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL)”  2 3

  8. RealClear Investigations: “How Zuckerberg Millions Paid for Progressives to Work With 2020 Vote Officials Nationwide”, May 26, 2021. The article outlines many of the specifics about how the funds were spent. 

  9. 39 Election fraud witnesses take case to Michigan Supreme Court, one alleges outside influence by Zuckerberg funded charities”, The Sara Carter Show, Dec 3, 2020  2

  10. Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute, as reported in The Federalist: “The 2020 Election Wasn’t Stolen, It Was Bought By Mark Zuckerberg”, Oct 12, 2021. 

  11. See also our Michigan Report for more about Zuckerberg’s interference there, including a legal case taken to the Supreme Court. 

  12. The Epoch Times: “North Carolina Judges Strike Down Voter ID Law, Claiming It’s Racist”, Sep 18, 2021 

  13. Rasmussen Reports: “75% Support Voter ID Laws”, Mar 17, 2021 

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