Most research into election fraud began in the six battleground or swing states, yet after numerous other states reported integrity issues the research has widened. We’re hoping to expand our coverage to every state in the US. The sections below outline what we know so far about North Carolina.


Election Integrity Scorecard

The Heritage Foundation’s Election Integrity Scorecard is an assessment of each state’s voting laws, written regulations and procedures. North Carolina was ranked 24th out of 51.

Election Integrity Scorecard

North Carolina's Total Score 61%
Voter ID Implementation 50%
Accuracy of Voter Registration Lists 63%
Absentee Ballot Management 71%
Vote Harvesting/Trafficking Restrictions 100%
Access of Election Observers 100%
Verification of Citizenship 0%
Identification for Voter Assistance 67%
Vote Counting Practices 67%
Election Litigation Procedures 0%
Restriction of Same-day Registration 100%
Restriction of Automatic Registration 100%
Restriction of Private Funding of Election Officials or Government Agencies 0%

View the full Scorecard for North Carolina

It’s important to note that the scores above reflect the laws, regulations, and processes that exist within the state, but not whether they were actually followed. In the 2020 election, some states with highly-rated election integrity measures did not uphold them. 1 As The Heritage Foundation reminds us, even the best laws are not worth much unless responsible officials enforce them rigorously. It is up to the citizens of each state to make sure that their elected and appointed public officials do just that.

Statement from Lynn Bernstein, Founder, Transparent Elections NC

For the 2020 primary election, I was the lead observer for the Wake County Democratic Party and was deeply troubled by what I observed; a lack of transparency, lax security measures, no bi-partisan chain of custody of some critical election materials, election results being prematurely revealed, no legislative oversight, illegal processing of absentee ballots, weak post election (self) audits and the list goes on. After going through every oversight channel I could think of and getting nowhere, I went public about what I saw and was swiftly fired from being an observer for my party — I do not regret being a whistleblower.

“My observations for the 2020 Primary election do not include my county’s processes on election night because the Wake Election Director would not allow the public to enter the building despite there being a quorum of Board of Elections members present on election night. We were threatened with arrest if we did not leave the property immediately! This is another egregious violation of state law.

“NC continues to engage in illegal and ill-advised practices and will continue doing so unless the public starts to take notice and demand meaningful observation and evidence. Many of the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) 2 and National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL) 3 recommended best practices are not followed by counties and should be explicitly mandated by NC law. A failure to mandate adherence puts the state and counties in legal jeopardy, as candidates could convincingly claim that there was ample opportunity for fraud.

“Finally, NC must stop violating Federal law by destroying ballot images. 4 The ballot images, cast vote records, and list of voter records (along with the metadata) should be released to the public along with all other election evidence. Our democracy depends on a transparent, secure, and publicly verified process.”

Source: Letter to Seth Keshel dated Sep 16, 2021

Transparent Elections NC is a non-partisan grassroots group of volunteers who are making elections better in NC by working with elections officials to ensure that elections are transparent, secure, robustly audited, and publicly verified. Find out how you can get involved via their website or Telegram channel.

Seth Keshel’s Trend Analysis

Former US military intelligence officer and statistical analyst Seth Keshel analyzed the trends of voter registrations versus actual votes and discovered alarming anomalies in a number of counties, ones that defy typical historical trends. He has published a report for every state, indicating which counties’ vote counts align with the trend in voter registrations and which have small or large divergences.

Seth Keshel County Trend Map for North Carolina

Chart legend: Red = Rampant Fraud, Yellow = Likely/Suspect, Green = Clean

Trump votes Biden votes Other votes
Officially reported results 2758775 (49.93%) 2684292 (48.59%) 81761 (1.48%)
Estimate of potential fraud 257000 (4.7%)
Estimate of actual result
(with fraud removed)
2758775 (52.4%) 2427292 (46.1%) 81761 (1.6%)

Seth estimates that there may be approximately 257,000 votes for Biden in excess of what North Carolina registration trends would indicate — a possible indicator of fraud. Counties with the greatest number of excess votes deserve closer inspection.

Seth has listed North Carolina’s Brunswick, Mecklenburg, New Hanover, and Wake counties as being among the Nation’s Top 100 Worst Counties in terms of abnormal trends during the 2020 election.

View Seth’s National Summary   View Seth’s North Carolina Report

Dr. Doug Frank’s Analysis

Dr. Douglas Frank discovered a strange algorithmic pattern that enabled him to accurately predict voter registration by age and voter turnout by age with a very high degree of accuracy (a correlation of 0.994).

Alarmingly, some counties across North Carolina had more registered voters in certain age groups than eligible voters exist in the population. Additionally, in many older age-groups, voter turnout was nearly 100% and sometimes exceeded the total eligible population.

The same, exact algorithm (or “key” as Frank calls the mathematical formula) used in one county could be applied to many other counties in North Carolina to predict their voter registration and turnout by age, too.

Dr. Frank has performed his analysis on at least 17 other states and has found the same disturbing pattern where he is able to predict the voter turnout rate for every age bracket in many counties based only on US Census Bureau data.

Having registration and turnout rates that repeatedly reflect a common mathematical formula across numerous demographically-unique counties is an indication that voter rolls and votes themselves may have been illegally manipulated via a computer algorithm. In all cases where this has occurred, we believe a forensic audit of the ballots, software logs, election records, and voter rolls is highly necessary.

Learn More About Dr. Frank’s Analysis View Dr. Frank’s Report on North Carolina

Bloated Voter Rolls

Dr. Doug Frank performed voter registration analysis and found that North Carolina had more people registered to vote than the total population over age 18.

State Voter Registration Rates 2020

Source: Telegram Post, Nov 28, 2021

While this could be a symptom of poor clean-up of voter rolls — where voters that have died or moved interstate are left on the rolls for extended periods of time — it creates significant opportunity for fraudulent ballots to be submitted under the names of expired voters, making them appear legitimate. This was made even easier with the prevalence of mail-in ballots and widespread abandonment of voter ID rules which occurred in many states during the 2020 election.

The door-to-door canvassing across numerous states is proving that “phantom votes” were indeed counted for certain voters who were registered but did not themselves submit a ballot.

Research is also underway to explore disconcerting cases in some states whereby voter rolls appear to have been deliberately padded with false, duplicated, or expired records, possibly for the purpose of providing cover for fraudulent ballots. This is evidenced by graphing the changes to voter rolls over time and observing patterns which appear algorithmically-generated rather than organic, and then drilling down to identify specific anomalous records. We hope to release more findings on these anomalies in the coming weeks.

Electronic Voting Machines

The polling and tabulation equipment used for each county in the US is listed at Verified Voting, although see our disclaimer 5. They also have a detailed database including photographs of the various models of voting equipment. Note that the polling and ballot marking equipment is different to the scanning and tabulation equipment — both need to be highly secure, and in most cases are not.

Voting machines and computerized tabulation equipment have introduced many vulnerabilities and avenues for manipulation in elections. Cybersecurity experts tell us that there is no such thing as a fully secure computer system, and the more complex our voting systems and election systems get, with more moving parts and connections, the more impossible it will be for any state or county to defend against a nation-state-level threat. Local counties running elections can no longer defend against these motivated and well-funded foreign nations. The efficiency gains brought by machines are not reason enough to tolerate the loss of security, accountability, and transparency.

Elections need to return to paper ballots and mechanical or hand counting to minimize the threat of cyber attacks and manipulation by fraud. Let your state representative, county clerk, county commissioners, and Secretary of State know your opinion about this.

The Arizona Ballot Integrity Project is one such initiative promoting new, ultra-secure paper ballots with state-of-the-art security features to prevent fraud and help restore faith in elections. Learn more about the initiative.

Barcode Transparency Issues

Voters in Mecklenburg, Cherokee, Jackson, Davidson, Davie, Warren, and Perquimans Counties are not allowed to vote using a hand marked paper ballot (HMPB), but are forced to use an ExpressVote machine to cast a vote, which prints the vote in English and also into a barcode. The DS200 and DS450/DS850 machines only count the barcode, completely ignoring the English text. 6

If an attacker manipulated one of these machines to print a false barcode, the voter would have no way of telling that their vote was being miscounted.

Use of Uncertified Machines

The NC State Board’s website on Voting Systems states, “All voting systems used in North Carolina are certified by the federal Election Assistance Commission (EAC) and the State Board of Elections after undergoing mandatory testing by nationally accredited laboratories. All systems used in North Carolina have been tested, used, and audited in other states.”

This was not actually followed in 2020. 7

The state of NC themselves certified an ES&S system, version, but this system was never actually certified by the EAC. The EAC did certify, but not the updated version. The DS200s machines for that system have modems which would allow for internet connectivity, in breach of law. 7

This is the version that Wake County and many other counties in NC are still using. When counties purchased DS200s years ago, they came with wired modems. It was previously legal to send results via modem, but has since been banned. 7

Jerome Lovato, (now former) Director for Voting System Testing and Certification at the EAC confirmed via email that version is not EAC Certified.

Learn more about the DS200 ballot scanning device

Alleged Interference from Mark & Priscilla Zuckerberg

Multiple reports 8 9 10 11 12 13 accuse charities supported by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife of illegally influencing the 2020 presidential election in multiple states, including North Carolina. Through their donations of $400 million into charities like The Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL), millions poured into the key swing states of Michigan 14, Pennsylvania, Arizona, Wisconsin, Georgia, Nevada, as well as Texas, North Carolina, and Virginia, in violation of federal law. 11

25 out of the 26 cities and counties that received at least $1 million from CTCL were won by Biden in 2020. 9

In North Carolina, donations were dispersed in a seemingly partisan way. Here are the 10 largest donations: 9

Having paid poll workers in one district and only minimal volunteers in Republican districts added to the disparity while counting the votes, which could lead to inaccurate tallies.

The American Voter’s Alliance published a detailed investigative report on this issue, as did RealClear Investigations, InfluenceWatch, and Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute.

As of March 2022, twelve states have either banned or severely restricted the acceptance and use of private funds for state and local elections: AZ, AK, FL, GA, ID, IN, KS, MS, ND, OH, TN, and TX. Another 5 states have passed anti-Zuckerbucks legislation that is awaiting a Republican governor’s signature: AL, OK, SD and VA. We’re hoping that more will soon follow suit.

Weakened Voter ID Laws

On Sept 17, 2021, two North Carolina judges struck down a law that required photo identification to vote, saying the measure “was enacted with the unconstitutional intent to discriminate against African American voters.” 15 This is despite a Rasmussen poll in March that found that 75% of US voters believe ID should be required, with only 21% opposed. 16

Ballotpedia has an article covering the arguments for and against, including which states require ID.

Suspicious Modification of Voter Roll Databases

Voter roll databases are “snapshotted” at each election and the data made available to the public for review and verification, see here and here. While all other voter rolls from the last 3-4 years have a file modification date within a few days of the snapshot, the 2020 voter roll data file was modified 155 days after the supposed snapshot, raising questions about what was modified in this file and why.

North Carolina suspicious voter roll modification date

The above information was released on our website Dec 10, 2021. Approximately seven weeks later, around Jan 26-29, 2022, all the historical voter roll snapshots were modified:

North Carolina suspicious voter roll modification date

Many of these snapshots now have a different file-size proving that the contents were changed. We find this highly suspicious and concerning that historical data is being manipulated.

Research into the NC voter rolls is continuing. If you have any further information, please contact us.

How to Check Your Voter Registration Record

Residents of North Carolina can use the Phantom Voter Project website to search for their own address and confirm whether there are any anomalies, such as whether additional voters are registered to the address.

Other Reports

  • US Congresswoman Sandy Smith (NC-1) has written a detailed article “North Carolina Needs an Audit and Here’s Why” which delves further into the irregularities that need to be investigated in the state. You can also follow her on Twitter.

  • Unlike the mainstream parties, the Libertarian Party of NC is stepping out and requesting a source code review of our electronic voting systems. NC legislators gave party chairs this authority because they wanted these independent source code reviews done. Joe Garcia is a former NYPD computer forensics detective and decided to do this because an independent source code review has never been done on ES&S’s system and he wants to do his part for election security. See this tweet from Lynn Bernstein, Transparent Elections NC.

Get Involved

Volunteers are needed to help verify the irregularities found. One key way this is done is through voter canvassing, with teams analyzing the county and state records and voter rolls, and others going door-to-door to identify whether the records match the actual residents living at the address.

Learn more about Canvassing Volunteer in Your State

Further Updates

Feb 17, 2022

After receiving a federal lawsuit, North Carolina removed hundreds of thousands ineligible voters (people who have died or moved away). North Carolina follows Judicial Watch voter roll clean-up successes in California, Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana.

Judicial Watch

State Representatives Supporting Election Integrity & Audits

Following the results of the Maricopa Arizona Forensic Audit, 188 state representatives from 39 states signed a letter asking for forensic audits in all 50 states. The signatories for North Carolina include:

  • Representative Bobby Hanig
  • Representative Donna McDowell White
  • Representative Donnie Loftis
  • Representative Edward Goodwin
  • Representative Harry Warren
  • Representative Jay Adams
  • Representative Jeff McNeely
  • Representative Keith Kidwell
  • Representative Kelly Hastings
  • Representative Larry Pittman
  • Representative Mike Clampitt
  • Representative Mitchell Setzer
  • Representative Sam Watford
  • Representative Tim Moffitt
  • Representative Wayne Sassar
  • Senator Bob Steinburg
  • Senator Ted Alexander

North Carolina Congressman Ted Budd, Congressman Dan Bishop, and Congresswoman Virginia Foxx are part of the US Congress Election Integrity Caucus, a group of 55 federal members working together on issues of election integrity to ensure that Americans in every state and territory have confidence in free, fair, accurate, and transparent elections.

Election Audit Groups on Telegram

To join the grassroots efforts in pursuing election integrity and audits of the 2020 election in North Carolina, you can join the following groups on Telegram:

For other states, see our Full List of Telegram Channels. has no affiliation with nor any responsibility for these channels. Discern carefully, as some users and even admins of channels have shown obstruction to transparent audits of our elections.

Raw Data

We aim to publish links to both the raw election data and voter registration data for North Carolina so that citizens and researchers can analyze this information for themselves.

Show Raw Data Links

Certified Election Results

From NC State Board of Elections.

Voter Registration Rolls/Database

From NC State Board of Elections.

Cast Vote Records Ordros Analytics has collated a repository of Cast Vote Records (CVRs) which list everyone who voted in the Nov 2020 election. Only some counties in some states are represented, but the list is growing.
The New York Times 2020 Election Results Results for all states, with several maps and charts.
Data Explorer Tool Our own tool for inspecting the 2020 New York Times data, including the time-series data of how the counting progressed. Also provides download links for raw JSON or CSV data, including counts for every precinct and county.
US Election Atlas Detailed results for 2020 and previous years. Some data is freely accessible on their website, while some, such as detailed historic results in CSV format, are purchasable for a fee.
This appears to be the source commonly used by Seth Keshel for his analysis, although we have not officially confirmed this.
2020 General Election Data & Research A broad collection of national stats, vote and registration counts, time-series data, voting machine information and manuals, PDF reports, and other research collated by citizen auditors.
Election Night Time-Series Data from Edison

Provides more detail than is available from the New York Times, and includes numerous interactive charts.
Download ZIP of Raw Data
Published by Jeff O’Donnell,
Weekly HAVV SSN Reports

Social Security Administration (SSA) Weekly Data for Help America Vote Verification (HAVV) Transactions by State.
Learn more about this data
Published by Jeff O’Donnell,

If you have additional sources of election data, please let us know via Telegram, Twitter or post a comment below to assist.

Further Leads

Show List of Further Leads

The following list of election allegations and links was collated by with public contributions. Some items have not been reviewed for accuracy, but we provide them below in case they contain important information that we have not covered elsewhere. Remember to use your own discernment.

Beyond North Carolina, additional links of nationwide relevance are available on our Further Leads page.

Footnotes & References

  1. Looking at the nationwide trends over the 2020 election, it became commonplace to stretch or completely ignore the laws for absentee/mail-in ballot eligibility, bulk ballot collection, independent observation, voter ID, signature verification, citizenship verification, removal of inactive/ineligible voters from rolls, voting machine accreditation, retention of election records, transparency of operations, and numerous other laws. Most breaches have not yet been prosecuted. 

  2. Election Assistance Commission: 6 TIPS For Conducting Election Audits 

  3. National Conference of State Legislators: Election Security: State Policies 8/2/2019 

  4. Justice Department Guidance: July 28, 2021 

  5. Verified Voting has some useful information on their website, however we feel the need to caution visitors about the partisan ties and Democrat influence within the organization. According to The Gateway Pundit: 17

    • Barbara Simons, Board Chair of Verified Voting, was appointed by top-ranking Democrats (Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid and later Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer) to the seemingly-corrupt and powerful U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC).

    • Mark Lindeman, Co-Director of Verified Voting, openly opposed the Maricopa Forensic Audit, yet was chosen to perform the criticized Windham NH Audit.

    • Verified Voting also appear to have hidden the fact that cybersecurity consultant and New Hampshire election auditor Harri Hursti was previously a member of the organization, with all mention of him removed from their website two days after being selected for the audit, without explanation.

    Utilize the VV website with these questionable issues in mind. 

  6. Transparent Elections NC: Telegram post, Oct 2, 2021. 

  7. According to Transparent Elections NC: Telegram post, Oct 1, 2021. This PDF (alternate link) explains the difference between vs “The [ES&S] Unity 3411 is a modification of the Unity 3410, to allow for analog landline modeming of unofficial election night results.”  2 3

  8. American Voters Alliance & The Amistad Project: “The Legitimacy and Effect of Private Funding in Federal and State Electoral Processes”, Dec 14, 2020. 

  9. InfluenceWatch: “Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL)”  2 3

  10. RealClear Investigations: “How Zuckerberg Millions Paid for Progressives to Work With 2020 Vote Officials Nationwide”, May 26, 2021. The article outlines many of the specifics about how the funds were spent. 

  11. 39 Election fraud witnesses take case to Michigan Supreme Court, one alleges outside influence by Zuckerberg funded charities”, The Sara Carter Show, Dec 3, 2020  2

  12. Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute, as reported in The Federalist: “The 2020 Election Wasn’t Stolen, It Was Bought By Mark Zuckerberg”, Oct 12, 2021. 

  13. US Representative Claudia Tenney: “New Information Confirms Zuckerberg-Connected Group Funneled Majority of Election Payments to Democrat-Leaning Counties”, Dec 20, 2021 

  14. See also our Michigan Report for more about Zuckerberg’s interference there, including a legal case taken to the Supreme Court. 

  15. The Epoch Times: “North Carolina Judges Strike Down Voter ID Law, Claiming It’s Racist”, Sep 18, 2021 

  16. Rasmussen Reports: “75% Support Voter ID Laws”, Mar 17, 2021 

  17. The Gateway Pundit: “BREAKING EXCLUSIVE: The Windham, New Hampshire 2020 Election Audit Was Over Before It Started – Two of Three Auditors Have Conflicts with Pelosi and Schumer”, May 26, 2021. 

Visitor Comments

Do you have more information about what happened in North Carolina? Share in the comments below.

Show Comments