Most research into election fraud began in the six battleground or swing states, yet after numerous other states reported integrity issues the research has widened. We’re hoping to expand our coverage to every state in the US. The sections below outline what we know so far about Texas.


“2000 Mules” Reveals Ballot Harvesting Operation

The May 2022 documentary 2000 Mules revealed video evidence of a coordinated, funded, illegal ballot trafficking network across critical swing states including Arizona, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, Nevada, and Texas.

The documentary explains how True the Vote were able to identify over 2,000 ballot traffickers by obtaining 2 petabytes of geofencing cellphone ping data purchased from brokers. Their threshold for identifying a mule was if they visited at least 10 drop boxes and made at least 5 visits to a non-profit organization which showed evidence of functioning as a ballot “stash house”. They then obtained 4 million minutes of drop box video surveillance footage through FOIA requests which showed the traffickers in action. 1

Learn More About 2000 Mules

Election Integrity Scorecard

The Heritage Foundation’s Election Integrity Scorecard is an assessment of each state’s voting laws, written regulations and procedures. Texas was ranked 6th out of 51.

Election Integrity Scorecard

Texas's Total Score 76%
Voter ID Implementation 80%
Accuracy of Voter Registration Lists 77%
Absentee Ballot Management 76%
Vote Harvesting/Trafficking Restrictions 75%
Access of Election Observers 100%
Verification of Citizenship 50%
Identification for Voter Assistance 100%
Vote Counting Practices 67%
Election Litigation Procedures 0%
Restriction of Same-day Registration 100%
Restriction of Automatic Registration 100%
Restriction of Private Funding of Election Officials or Government Agencies 67%

View the full Scorecard for Texas

It’s important to note that the scores above reflect the laws, regulations, and processes that exist within the state, but not whether they were actually followed. In the 2020 election, some states with highly-rated election integrity measures did not uphold them. 2 As The Heritage Foundation reminds us, even the best laws are not worth much unless responsible officials enforce them rigorously. It is up to the citizens of each state to make sure that their elected and appointed public officials do just that.

Seth Keshel’s Trend Analysis

Former US military intelligence officer and statistical analyst Seth Keshel analyzed the trends of voter registrations versus actual votes and discovered alarming anomalies in a number of counties, ones that defy typical historical trends. He has published a report for every state, indicating which counties’ vote counts align with the trend in voter registrations and which have small or large divergences.

Seth Keshel County Trend Map for Texas

Chart legend: Red = Rampant Fraud, Yellow = Likely/Suspect, Green = Clean

Trump votes Biden votes Other votes
Officially reported results 5890347 (52.1%) 5259126 (46.5%) 158339 (1.4%)
Estimate of potential fraud 675000 (6.0%)
Estimate of actual result
(with fraud removed)
5890347 (55.4%) 4584126 (43.1%) 158339 (1.5%)

Seth estimates that there may be approximately 675,000 votes for Biden in excess of what Texas registration trends would indicate — a possible indicator of fraud. Counties with the greatest number of excess votes deserve closer inspection.

Seth has listed Texas’s Bexar, Collin, Dallas, Denton, Harris, Tarrant, and Travis counties as being among the Nation’s Top 100 Worst Counties in terms of abnormal trends during the 2020 election.

View Seth’s National Summary   View Seth’s Texas Report

Seth’s estimates were later validated by preliminary election audit results that surfaced in Jan 2022.

Further Allegations published the following summary of election issues across numerous Texas counties:

Dr. Doug Frank’s Analysis

Dr. Douglas Frank discovered a strange algorithmic pattern that enabled him to accurately predict voter registration by age and voter turnout by age with a very high degree of accuracy (a correlation of 0.999).

The same, exact algorithm (or “key” as Frank calls the mathematical formula) used in one county could be applied to many other counties in Texas to predict their voter registration and turnout by age, too.

Dr. Frank has performed his analysis on at least 17 other states and has found the same disturbing pattern where he is able to predict the voter turnout rate for every age bracket in many counties based only on US Census Bureau data.

Having registration and turnout rates that repeatedly reflect a common mathematical formula across numerous demographically-unique counties is an indication that voter rolls and votes themselves may have been illegally manipulated via a computer algorithm. In all cases where this has occurred, we believe a forensic audit of the ballots, software logs, election records, and voter rolls is highly necessary.

Learn More About Dr. Frank’s Analysis View Dr. Frank’s Report on Texas

Call for Forensic Audit in Tarrant County

Tarrant County Precinct Chairwoman Susan Valliant drafted the following resolution that has been submitted to the Tarrant County GOP Executive Committee.

Editor’s Note: Unfortunately we do not have a copy of the attached appendices. If you have a link to these, please let us know in the comments.

Further efforts to restore election integrity are documented at

Bloated Voter Rolls

In Oct 2020, a month before the election, Judicial Watch released a study that found 353 US counties in 29 states had voter registration rates exceeding 100% of the eligible voting-age citizens.

In Texas the following counties exceeded 100%:
Loving County (187%); Presidio County (149%); McMullen County (147%); Brooks County (117%); Roberts County (116%); Sterling County (115%); Zapata County (115%); Maverick County (112%); Starr County (110%); King County (110%); Chambers County (109%); Irion County (108%); Jim Hogg County (107%); Polk County (107%); Comal County (106%); Oldham County (104%); Culberson County (104%); Kendall County (103%); Dimmit County (103%); Rockwall County (102%); Motley County (102%); Parker County (102%); Hudspeth County (101%); Travis County (101%); Fort Bend County (101%); Kent County (101%); Webb County (101%); Mason County (101%); Crockett County (101%); Waller County (100%); Gillespie County (100%); Duval County (100%); Brewster County (100%)

While this could be a symptom of poor clean-up of voter rolls — where voters that have died or moved interstate are left on the rolls for extended periods of time — it creates significant opportunity for fraudulent ballots to be submitted under the names of expired voters, making them appear legitimate. This was made even easier with the prevalence of mail-in ballots and widespread abandonment of voter ID rules which occurred in many states during the 2020 election.

The door-to-door canvassing across numerous states is proving that “phantom votes” were indeed counted for certain voters who were registered but did not themselves submit a ballot.

Research is also underway to explore disconcerting cases in some states whereby voter rolls appear to have been deliberately padded with false, duplicated, or expired records, possibly for the purpose of providing cover for fraudulent ballots. This is evidenced by graphing the changes to voter rolls over time and observing patterns which appear algorithmically-generated rather than organic, and then drilling down to identify specific anomalous records. We hope to release more findings on these anomalies in the coming weeks.

Electronic Voting Machines

Lack of Certification

Texas, Colorado, Arizona, and numerous other states were affected by Voting System Test Laboratory Pro V&V certifying their electronic voting and tabulation machines despite not having an active accreditation during 2020. The US Election Assistance Commission (EAC) tried to cover for this mishap saying that accreditation “cannot be revoked unless the EAC Commissioners vote to revoke the accreditation”, when in fact this appears to violate federal law which stipulates that accreditation expires after 2 years unless specifically renewed. 3 4 5 6

The counties shown in blue below used ES&S machines that were likely affected by this lack of certification:

Texas counties with ES&S uncertified machines

Source: ES&S Voting Machine Certification Failures

For further details and explanatory videos, see our article Voting Machines Lacking EAC Accreditation.

Lack of Security

The polling and tabulation equipment used for each county in the US is listed at Verified Voting, although see our disclaimer 7. They also have a detailed database including photographs of the various models of voting equipment. Note that the polling and ballot marking equipment is different to the scanning and tabulation equipment — both need to be highly secure, and in most cases are not.

Voting machines and computerized tabulation equipment have introduced many vulnerabilities and avenues for manipulation in elections. Cybersecurity experts tell us that there is no such thing as a fully secure computer system, and the more complex our voting systems and election systems get, with more moving parts and connections, the more impossible it will be for any state or county to defend against a nation-state-level threat. Local counties running elections can no longer defend against these motivated and well-funded foreign nations. The efficiency gains brought by machines are not reason enough to tolerate the loss of security, accountability, and transparency.

Elections need to return to paper ballots and mechanical or hand counting to minimize the threat of cyber attacks and manipulation by fraud. Let your state representative, county clerk, county commissioners, and Secretary of State know your opinion about this.

The Arizona Ballot Integrity Project is one such initiative promoting new, ultra-secure paper ballots with state-of-the-art security features to prevent fraud and help restore faith in elections. Learn more about the initiative.

Alleged Interference from Mark & Priscilla Zuckerberg

Multiple reports 8 9 10 11 12 13 accuse charities supported by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife of illegally influencing the 2020 presidential election in multiple states, including Texas. Through their donations of $400 million into charities like The Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL), millions poured into the key swing states of Michigan 14, Pennsylvania, Arizona, Wisconsin, Georgia, Nevada, as well as Texas, North Carolina, and Virginia, in violation of federal law. 11

25 out of the 26 cities and counties that received at least $1 million from CTCL were won by Biden in 2020. 9

In Texas, donations were dispersed in a seemingly partisan way: 12

Zuckerberg spending, via CTCL, in 21 Texas counties

Having paid poll workers in one district and only minimal volunteers in Republican districts added to the disparity while counting the votes, which could lead to inaccurate tallies.

The American Voter’s Alliance published a detailed investigative report on this issue, as did RealClear Investigations, InfluenceWatch, and Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute.

As of March 2022, twelve states have either banned or severely restricted the acceptance and use of private funds for state and local elections: AZ, AK, FL, GA, ID, IN, KS, MS, ND, OH, TN, and TX. Another 5 states have passed anti-Zuckerbucks legislation that is awaiting a Republican governor’s signature: AL, OK, SD and VA. We’re hoping that more will soon follow suit.

Voting Trend Anomalies

In our series of articles on election trend analysis, we identified the following statistical outliers for Texas which deserve further investigation. Visit the linked articles to learn more.

⚠️ Voting Rate Increase The turnout, or percentage of registered voters who voted, was significantly higher in 2020 than in previous elections, increasing from a range of 54-57% up to 63.9%.
⚠️ High Democrat Vote Gain Hays County experienced an unusually high increase in Democrat votes in 2020, standing as a vast outlier compared with previous elections.
⚠️ Biden’s Vote Gains Far Surpassing Obama’s The increase in Democrat votes in Texas in 2020 far surpassed the increase achieved in Obama’s successful campaign in 2008. This seems unusual.
⚠️ High Democrat Vote Gain The state of Texas displayed one of the highest Democrat vote gains in the nation in 2020, compared with the previous 2 elections.

Other Reports

  • A team of scientists from produced the report “2020 Presidential Election Contrast Analysis” which includes a section on Texas

  • Bexar County Election Integrity, a grassroots group, has information on election issues in the county and is recruiting volunteers to assist with the cause

  • Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton reported on Sep 24, 2021 that he is still prosecuting over 500 cases of election fraud in the state. 15
    (If you have further details on this statistic, please let us know in the comments below.)

Get Involved

Volunteers are needed to help verify the irregularities found. One key way this is done is through voter canvassing, with teams analyzing the county and state records and voter rolls, and others going door-to-door to identify whether the records match the actual residents living at the address.

Learn more about Canvassing Volunteer in Your State

Further Updates

Mar 14, 2022

An observer of elections at the Tarrant County 2022 Primary wrote a 5-page report on numerous breaches that occurred while watching the polls.

Seth Keshel
Mar 13, 2022

Also a related article from CBS news.

CBS News
Jan 2, 2022

Captain Keshel’s analysis of voter registration trends has delivered highly accurate predictions in previous elections. Using the same methodology, he estimates that there were nearly 700K excess votes for Biden in Texas in the 2020 election, a number eerily close to the 685K ineligible voter registrations discovered in the TX Secretary of State’s phase one audit.

Liberty Overwatch
Jan 2, 2022

An investigation found 11,737 potential non-U.S. citizens were registered to vote, 224,585 deceased voters were removed from the voter rolls after the election, 449,362 duplicate voter registrations. In total, the SOS’s phase one review found approximately 685K ineligible voter registrations, confirming Captain Seth Keshel’s July analysis that estimated 675K in excess/suspicious votes for Biden in Texas.

Liberty Overwatch
Mar 16, 2021

A team of fraud analysts met in Austin, Texas to discuss their observations on the 2020 election: “Our profilers comfortably said the 2020 election fraud was on such a scale that it was impossible for the major law enforcement agencies to not have known about it in advance. They said the data easily available showed the election fraud patterns had two very alarming characteristics: It was not the first time this was tried, and it will be performed again, at scale, in the next election.”

American Thinker

State Representatives Supporting Election Integrity & Audits

Following the results of the Maricopa Arizona Forensic Audit, 188 state representatives from 39 states signed a letter asking for forensic audits in all 50 states. The signatories for Texas include:

  • Representative Bryan Slaton
  • Representative James White
  • Representative Jeff Cason
  • Representative Kyle Biederman
  • Representative Steve Toth
  • Representative Tony Tinderholt

Texas Congressman John Carter, Congressman Brian Babin, Congressman Pat Fallon, Congressman Ronny Jackson, Congressman Chip Roy, and Congressman Randy Weber are part of the US Congress Election Integrity Caucus, a group of 55 federal members working together on issues of election integrity to ensure that Americans in every state and territory have confidence in free, fair, accurate, and transparent elections.

Election Audit Groups on Telegram

To join the grassroots efforts in pursuing election integrity and audits of the 2020 election in Texas, you can join the following groups on Telegram:

For other states, see our Full List of Telegram Channels. has no affiliation with nor any responsibility for these channels. Discern carefully, as some users and even admins of channels have shown obstruction to transparent audits of our elections.

Analyst Seth Keshel also reports that he has had meetings with several candidates for Texas Governor: Don Huffines, Col. Allen West, and Chad Prather, all of whom have showed at least some interest in fixing election problems in the state. Seth has not had the same interest from Governor Greg Abbott.

Raw Data

We aim to publish links to both the raw election data and voter registration data for Texas so that citizens and researchers can analyze this information for themselves.

Show Raw Data Links

Certified Election Results

The results are somewhat hidden and you need to click into one of the later elections, and then change the selected election in the top navigation bar. From Texas Secretary of State.

Voter Registration Rolls/Database

From Texas Secretary of State.

Cast Vote Records Ordros Analytics has collated a repository of Cast Vote Records (CVRs) which list everyone who voted in the Nov 2020 election. Only some counties in some states are represented, but the list is growing.
The New York Times 2020 Election Results Results for all states, with several maps and charts.
Data Explorer Tool Our own tool for inspecting the 2020 New York Times data, including the time-series data of how the counting progressed. Also provides download links for raw JSON or CSV data, including counts for every precinct and county.
US Election Atlas Detailed results for 2020 and previous years. Some data is freely accessible on their website, while some, such as detailed historic results in CSV format, are purchasable for a fee.
This appears to be the source commonly used by Seth Keshel for his analysis, although we have not officially confirmed this.
2020 General Election Data & Research A broad collection of national stats, vote and registration counts, time-series data, voting machine information and manuals, PDF reports, and other research collated by citizen auditors.
Election Night Time-Series Data from Edison

Provides more detail than is available from the New York Times, and includes numerous interactive charts.
Download ZIP of Raw Data
Published by Jeff O’Donnell,
Weekly HAVV SSN Reports

Social Security Administration (SSA) Weekly Data for Help America Vote Verification (HAVV) Transactions by State.
Learn more about this data
Published by Jeff O’Donnell,

If you have additional sources of election data, please let us know via Telegram, Twitter or post a comment below to assist.

Further Leads

Show List of Further Leads

The following list of election allegations and links was collated by with public contributions. Some items have not been reviewed for accuracy, but we provide them below in case they contain important information that we have not covered elsewhere. Remember to use your own discernment.

12 times outside entities tried to sue Texas to change ballot integrity laws Voting Legislation
834 counts of mail-in voter fraud prosecuted by OAG since 2004 Illegal Votes
Former Texas ivoting official certified fictitious ballot for Lyndon Johnson Illegal Votes
TX Officials rejected Dominion due to security concerns Voting Machine Irregularities
Social Worker Charged with 134 Felony Counts of Election Fraud General
7,000 votes harvested in Texas Unverified
Rachel Rodriguez Arrest­ed for Wide­spread Vote Har­vest­ing and Fraud Unverified
Infographic: Texas V. Pennsylvania Unverified
Supreme court rejects Trump-backed Texas lawsuit aiming to overturn election res Unverified
Political director ran a voter fraud ring in Harris County Unverified
Corrupt Dominion voting machines Unverified
Fort Bend County goes blue in 2018, blue wave in 2020. Foreign voting servers. Unverified
Applied as poll worker months ago -told it was full.Now all blue 76% more votes. Unverified
Dallas County -Multiple Issues with Fraud and Elections Rolls Unverified
Dallas County Over 92% of PURGED In-Person and Absentee voters were over 65. Unverified
Poll worker spilled coffee on ballot, threw ballot away Unverified
0 votes counted for Bexar county Unverified
Election official discussing getting 7appl per person for a mail-in ballot Unverified
Commercial addresses being used by voters in Harris County Texas Unverified
Bankrupt Scytl/SOE subscription agreement Decatur Texas Unverified
Biden operative implicated in massive ballot harvesting scheme Unverified
Dallas County Election Fraud Practices - 2017 Unverified
Texas social worker charged with 134 counts of election fraud Unverified
Biden Donor Group Sends 255k ballot requests, inc. the dead Unverified
Audio - Journalst P. Howley on Biden Campaign Corruptiuon in TX - 6:01 Unverified
Texas Poll Watcher Testifies On 2020 Voter Fraud In Houston, Has PHOTOS Unverified
Odd discrepancy in Hidalgo County TX Unverified
Tarrant Co. Elec. Adm is ex-Smartmatic engineer & we went blue from red Unverified
Polling worker told me I had to vote online and gave me this address Unverified
Social worker in texas chare with 134 counts of election fraud Unverified
Tarrant county Texas irregularities Unverified
Smartmatic Employees from Venezuela as Election Official in TX Unverified
TX Re-Exam Dominion Voting System 5.5-A TX SoS Office Oct 2019 Unverified
TX Examination Dominion Voting Systems 5.5-A TX SoS Jan 16-17, 2019 Unverified
There were fifteen tractor trailers spotted on the lot at a county facility. Unverified
Ballot harvesting Unverified
Safest Election in American history from the Department of Homeland Security. Unverified
Massive Dem Voter Fraud Busted By Former Houston City Councilman, Andrew Burks Unverified
affidavit alleging Houston judge and election staff committed voter fraud report Unverified
Texas Judge’s Mom Told She Already Voted — She Did Not Unverified
Voter Irregularities Documented Since 11/7 Unverified
Project Veritas: Massive Voter Fraud Among Dems & GOP To “Help The Bidens” Unverified

Beyond Texas, additional links of nationwide relevance are available on our Further Leads page.

Footnotes & References

  1. Nick Moseder: “Is ‘2000 Mules’ An Absolute Game Changer?”, May 3, 2022 

  2. Looking at the nationwide trends over the 2020 election, it became commonplace to stretch or completely ignore the laws for absentee/mail-in ballot eligibility, bulk ballot collection, independent observation, voter ID, signature verification, citizenship verification, removal of inactive/ineligible voters from rolls, voting machine accreditation, retention of election records, transparency of operations, and numerous other laws. Most breaches have not yet been prosecuted. 

  3. “ES&S Voting machine Certification failures”, published Nov 19, 2021. 

  4. EAC: “VSTL Certificates & Accreditation” 

  5. EAC, Jerome Lovato Memo: “Pro V&V EAC VSTL Accreditation”, Jan 27, 2021. 

  6. See also Colorado › Use of Non-Certified Voting Machines 

  7. Verified Voting has some useful information on their website, however we feel the need to caution visitors about the partisan ties and Democrat influence within the organization. According to The Gateway Pundit: 16

    • Barbara Simons, Board Chair of Verified Voting, was appointed by top-ranking Democrats (Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid and later Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer) to the seemingly-corrupt and powerful U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC).

    • Mark Lindeman, Co-Director of Verified Voting, openly opposed the Maricopa Forensic Audit, yet was chosen to perform the criticized Windham NH Audit.

    • Verified Voting also appear to have hidden the fact that cybersecurity consultant and New Hampshire election auditor Harri Hursti was previously a member of the organization, with all mention of him removed from their website two days after being selected for the audit, without explanation.

    Utilize the VV website with these questionable issues in mind. 

  8. American Voters Alliance & The Amistad Project: “The Legitimacy and Effect of Private Funding in Federal and State Electoral Processes”, Dec 14, 2020. 

  9. InfluenceWatch: “Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL)”  2

  10. RealClear Investigations: “How Zuckerberg Millions Paid for Progressives to Work With 2020 Vote Officials Nationwide”, May 26, 2021. The article outlines many of the specifics about how the funds were spent. 

  11. 39 Election fraud witnesses take case to Michigan Supreme Court, one alleges outside influence by Zuckerberg funded charities”, The Sara Carter Show, Dec 3, 2020  2

  12. Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute, as reported in The Federalist: “The 2020 Election Wasn’t Stolen, It Was Bought By Mark Zuckerberg”, Oct 12, 2021.  2

  13. US Representative Claudia Tenney: “New Information Confirms Zuckerberg-Connected Group Funneled Majority of Election Payments to Democrat-Leaning Counties”, Dec 20, 2021 

  14. See also our Michigan Report for more about Zuckerberg’s interference there, including a legal case taken to the Supreme Court. 

  15. Ken Paxton interview on Bannon’s War Room: “Democrats Fighting Against Legitimate Elections”, Sep 24, 2021 

  16. The Gateway Pundit: “BREAKING EXCLUSIVE: The Windham, New Hampshire 2020 Election Audit Was Over Before It Started – Two of Three Auditors Have Conflicts with Pelosi and Schumer”, May 26, 2021. 

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