Number of disputed ballots 300,000 votes (approx.)
Joe Biden’s winning margin 10,457 votes (0.3%)
Arizona’s electoral college votes under dispute 11 votes
(36 would need to be flipped for a Trump win)
Independent forensic audit investigation ⏳ In progress in 1 county

Outstanding Issues

  • Unobserved ballot counting

  • Many nonimmigrants and non-citizens voting without verification

  • Statistical impossibilities

  • 29,326 voter roll anomalies

  • Thousands of duplicated ballots lacking serial numbers

  • Use of unofficial ballot paper

  • Outstanding/unresolved integrity issues with Dominion counting machines, including the erasure of security log files

  • Maricopa County’s obstruction of the forensic audit and refusal to comply with state Senators’ requests


Key Allegations

1. Unobserved ballot counting

Vote counting rooms were announced as “closed down”, and yet counting continued, without independent observers present. This occurred in Pima County, Coconino County, and Maricopa County – which combined, reach into hundreds of thousands of ballots. 1

2. Many non-citizens voted in election

Arizona’s Governor Doug Ducey 2 submitted an official vote count and statement that claims there were zero non-immigrant and non-citizen votes. However, based on a survey of voters by Trump legal team, a conservative estimate of 36,000 non-citizens voted in the election (or possibly as high as 237,000). 1

Arizona also reportedly had over 21,000 “federal only voters” who did not provide proof of citizenship when registering to vote. Senator Kelly Townsend alleges that “These voters cannot prove they are a citizen or that they even exist. They are not in the MVD system and all they need is a bank statement (easily doctored) to get a ballot.” 3 These alone are more than double Biden’s winning margin.

Other Issues

  • Statistical anomalies, including “vote dumps” with unexpected swings to Biden 4 5

    Arizona Election Vote Spike Chart

    Source: 5

  • Eye-witness testimony of highly-secretive and suspicious activity at Wigwam Resort, Litchfield, Arizona in Sept 2020, two months prior to the election, that appeared to be a significant election fraud and ballot harvesting operation, with two large ballrooms full of equipment, and transporting ballots between Arizona and Georgia. The witness was former Police Detective Gerald Buglione. 6

  • Former US military intelligence officer and statistical analyst Seth Keshel analyzed the trends of voter registrations versus actual votes and discovered alarming anomalies in a number of counties, ones that defy trends that (in some cases) have proved reliable for over 100 years. He has published a number of reports by county and by state that indicate which counties’ vote counts align with the trend in voter registrations and which have small or large divergences.

    View Seth’s Arizona Report   or Learn More About Seth Keshel

    Seth Keshel County Trend Map for Arizona

    Chart legend: Red = Rampant Fraud, Yellow = Likely/Suspect, Green = Clean

  • Mathematician Bobby Piton reviewed election data and stated during the state legislature hearing that he believes the numbers in Arizona are fraudulent, saying he would “stake his life” on it based on the mathematically problematic data. Piton estimated there are between 160,000 and 400,000 phantom voters. 7 Piton’s Twitter account was suspended during his testimony. 8

  • Trump’s Legal Team has alleged that the number of suspicious out-of-state voters were higher than Joe Biden’s winning margin. 1

Some reports have noted that, contrary to other states, Arizona was not affected as much by mail-in ballot fraud, because of their stricter laws. The laws state that any absentee ballot without a valid application must be discarded. 1

Alleged Interference from Mark & Priscilla Zuckerberg

Multiple reports 9 10 11 12 13 accuse charities supported by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife of illegally influencing the 2020 presidential election in multiple states, including Arizona. Through their donations of $400 million into charities like The Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL), millions poured into the key swing states of Michigan 14, Pennsylvania, Arizona, Wisconsin, Georgia, Nevada, as well as Texas, North Carolina, and Virginia, in violation of federal law. 12

25 out of the 26 cities and counties that received at least $1 million from CTCL were won by Biden in 2020. 10

Here are the CTCL grants in Arizona, and who won each county: 10

Having paid poll workers in one district and only minimal volunteers in Republican districts added to the disparity while counting the votes, which could lead to inaccurate tallies.

The American Voter’s Alliance published a detailed investigative report on this issue, as did RealClear Investigations, InfluenceWatch, and Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute.

Arizona legislators are working to ban this practice in the state, and we hope that other states will follow suit.

Court Cases

Summary by The American Spectator, “Election 2020: Can Classic Fraud Evidence Save The Day?”:

“In a lawsuit filed by Arizona Elector Kelli Ward on behalf of Team Trump, the Arizona Supreme Court denied her petition. The decision rested upon a trial court finding after a small sample of ballots were audited, with presentations from each side’s expert witness, that the election had seen far too little fraud to alter the outcome. Arizona’s election law requires that the margin be within 0.01 percent — in Arizona’s 2020 election, 3,339 votes — for an automatic recount. Further, unlike in Wisconsin, the Arizona Election Commission’s administrative guidelines, per legislative delegation, have the force of law. Given the extremely stringent threshold for contesting the election, the Court’s ruling appears reasonable.”

As of October 2021, the district, state and supreme courts have ruled on several election fraud issues, while numerous other cases are still open. Some cases were dismissed on legal technicalities, preventing evidence from being presented and considered; but a detailed list of cases and outcomes available here show that at a national level, Trump/Republicans have so far prevailed in 18 out of 25 cases that were decided on the merits of the evidence.

View Court Case Outcomes

Election Audits

1. Maricopa County Internal Audit

On Jan 28, 2021, Maricopa County officials voted unanimously to approve their own “forensic audit” by hiring two supposedly-independent companies to conduct a review into whether voting machines counted votes correctly, and whether they were tampered with or hacked in any way.

The Maricopa Board of Supervisors demanded that the auditor be an EAC-accredited Voting System Test Laboratory (VSTL), of which there were only two: Pro V&V and SLI Compliance. Although the Senate disagreed, the Maricopa BoS went ahead anyway and unilaterally contracted both firms to audit the Dominion voting systems and equipment (while ignoring other important aspects of the election). 15

The major concern with this was that Dominion had previously contracted these two companies to certify their machines, and as such they would be inherently biased against finding issues in the same machines they, themselves, were paid to certify. There were also reports that neither of the two firms above were actually certified at the time Maricopa County claimed they were. When this was reported by The Gateway Pundit, within four hours the EAC issued their certifications. 15

Arizona state Senator Warren Peterson also believed that it lacked the depth and breadth required, stating that “A county audit will not prevent the Senate from doing their own audit. My concern with the county audit is that the scope of the audit is an inch deep. With the limited scope they have asked to be audited, they are guaranteed to find nothing.16

2. Senate Forensic Audit of Maricopa County

For a more detailed overview, see Maricopa Forensic Audit.

The state Senate issued several subpoenas (legally binding requests) to the Maricopa Country election board and county recorder, to access its voting machines, copies of all ballots and much more so it can perform its own audit. The election board repeatedly resisted and refused a number of the requests, saying they were overly broad, and aimed to negotiate a settlement with the Senate. 16 The Senate eventually received the ballots and some of the other requested materials, and began the audit.

Several preliminary issues were raised during the audit process:

  • Ongoing refusal to comply with the Senate’s subpoenas 17

  • Chain of custody and ballot organization anomalies 17

  • Deleted vote-counting databases 17

  • 73,243 mail-in ballots have no record of being sent out 18
    (Maricopa County later responded, arguing that this number also includes early in-person votes which would not have been mailed)

  • 11,326 voters were not listed on November 3 voter roll, but were listed on December 4 voter roll and were listed as having voted in the election 18

  • 18,000 who voted in November but were then removed from the rolls 18 19

  • Thousands of duplicated ballots that lacked serial numbers. Senate President Karen Fann noted that without serial numbers, it would be impossible to know how many times a ballot was duplicated. 18

  • 168,000 ballots are printed on unofficial paper that the county claims they did not use. This could be a simple mistake, or an indication of fraudulent ballots. 18

  • An unpublicized digital breach of the election system in November 18 19

  • A one-off digital event erasing the security log for the period covering the November election. The auditors reported 37,646 entries into the digital security log for the election management system – which has only eight accounts – on one day, 11 March 2021. Data being kept on a first-in, first-out principle, the digital deluge shoved enough previous data out to hide election security log events before February 2021. Rep. Finchem claims this shows criminal intent. 18 19

The full Senate hearing from July 16 was available on YouTube Censored, or on Rumble, here.

Maricopa County officials have been highly oppositional to the audit at every stage, and deny each of the issues. They have responded to common questions and allegations on their website.

After the county continued to refuse the Senate’s subpoenas, the matter has been referred to the State Attorney General for investigation.

Telling the Story

On Aug 12, at the Cyber Symposium, Arizona State Representatives Mark Finchem, Sonny Borrelli, and Wendy Rogers told the story of the entire audit process, including responding to early election fraud reports and moving through with the forensic audit despite many obstructions from Maricopa County, the media and others.

In the video, they respond to the common attack against the audit: that “Cyber Ninjas are not an accredited audit company”, reporting that there is no such thing as accredited election auditors in America, only accredited voting system test laboratories (VSTL). These labs are hired by voting machine companies like Dominion to grant them government EAC certification, and as such would be inherently biased against finding issues in machines that they themselves were paid to certify. When the Senators then approached big financial auditing companies, they all refused, saying it would put their government contracts at risk. The media has often ignored these crucial points.

See also: Common Criticisms of the Audit

Senate President Karen Fann also tells the story from her perspective in a 3-part video series on Twitter. See Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.

Forensic Audit Results

On Sep 24, 2021, the Arizona Senate heard presentations from the key auditors, presenting their findings.

The audit report identifies more than 57K questionable votes, intentionally deleted election files, and other suspicious voting machine activity. 20

The official written reports can be obtained from The Arizona State Senate Republican Caucus, or we’ve included direct links below.

Show Full List of Reports
Cyber Ninjas Report
(recount and ballot audits)
Presentation 1
  Presentation 2
  Report Volume 1
  Report Volume 2
  Report Volume 3
CyFIR Report
(voting machines & cyber security)
Presentation from Ben Cotton, CyFIR Founder
EchoMail Report
(ballot envelopes)
Report by Dr. Shiva Ayyadurai
Randy Pullen’s Report Presentation
Ken Bennett’s Report (election procedures) Presentation
Senate President Karen Fann Letter to Attorney General Mark Brnovich

We recommend checking The Arizona State Senate Republican Caucus website for the latest versions, in case they release further reports or updates that we have not listed here.

Major issues identified:

  • 255,326 early votes are recorded in the VM55 file of counted ballots but are missing from the EV33 file 21

  • 17,322 duplicate votes (where voters sent in 2 or more ballots) that were illegally counted in the final certified tally (a large surge of these were dated the week following the election) 22

  • 27,807 ballots cast from individuals who had moved prior to the election, and are unlikely to have physically received their ballots legally

  • Envelopes without signatures that were stamped as “approved”

  • Ballot envelopes showing an apparent “approved” stamp behind the basic graphics of the envelope, suggesting tampering, or at the very least, poor quality scanning and archival of envelope images

  • The systems related to elections integrity had numbers that could not balance or agree with each other

  • The voter rolls and the registration management process itself having many data integrity issues. For instance, over 200 individuals were easily identifiable as likely being the same person but having two different Voter IDs and voting twice in the election.

  • Without access to the County’s detailed records including personally identifiable information and registration systems it is more likely there were many tens of thousands of improper votes in the election from double voters, deceased voters, voters for which there is no trace in the public records nor association to their voting address

  • Proper voter registration law and procedures were not followed

  • There were unexplained large purges of registered voters, right after the election, of people who had voted in the election

  • There was back-dating of registrations, adjustments made to historical voting and voter records, unexplained linking of voter registration affidavits to multiple voters and more

  • Files were missing from the Election Management System (EMS) Server and other voting machines, either intentionally or negligently removed

  • Ballot images on the EMS were corrupt or missing

  • Logs appeared to have been intentionally overwritten

  • All data in one database related to the 2020 General Election had been fully wiped. This occurred on the day prior to Maricopa’s own internal audit. 23

  • On the ballot side, batches were not always clearly delineated, duplicated ballots were missing the required serial numbers, some originals were duplicated more than once, and the auditors were never provided chain-of-custody documentation for the ballots for the time-period prior to the ballot’s movement into the auditors’ care. This all increased the complexity and difficulty in properly auditing the results.

  • There were significant anomalies identified in the ratio of hand-folded ballots, on-demand printed ballots, and a significant increase in provisional ballot rejections for a mail-in ballot already being cast, suggestive of mail-in ballots being cast for voters without their knowledge.

  • Maricopa County failed to follow basic cyber security best practices and guidelines from CISA 24

  • Remote Access and “Terminal Services” features of Windows were enabled allowing machines to be remotely controlled 24

  • Software and patch protocols were not followed 24

  • Credential management was flawed: unique usernames and passwords were not allocated. Many (if not all) accounts shared the same password, and multiple users appear to have shared the same account. 24

  • A dual-boot configuration was discovered on adjudication equipment which is not an approved configuration. The second hard drive contained non-Maricopa County data.

Here is a summary table from the Cyber Ninjas report (Volume III). This does not include the 17,322 duplicate ballots found by Dr. Shiva (EchoMail) and the 255,326 early votes that appear in the VM55 but are missing from EV33 file.

A lot of the mainstream media has picked up on a single results table from Doug Logan that showed that the audit team’s count of the ballots closely matched the certified results, using that as supposed proof that Biden still won the state. What is being overlooked is the highly questionable validity of those votes.

Also note that this is not the complete audit report. Analysis of the routers, Splunk logs, and paper ballots is still ongoing.

Thanks to @LibertyOverwatchChannel for sifting through the reports and providing summaries. A further summary, with slightly more detail is on Patrick Byrne’s website.

Below, you can watch the full 3-hour hearing:

Several workers from the forensic audit — Maricopa residents who voted in the election and passed background checks — were interviewed on what they witnessed during the audit. They reported seeing numerous anomalies including ballots that were filled in “too perfectly”, indicating possible duplication by machine; and abnormal repeating patterns such as 7 for Biden, 1 for Trump, 7 for Biden, 1 for Trump, 7 for Biden, 1 for Trump. Despite being reported, these issues may not have made it into the final report. See their testimony in the video below:

Editor’s note: Regarding the machine-printed ballots mentioned in the video above, Doug Logan, the lead auditor from Cyber Ninjas reported that there are some legitimate scenarios where ballots are marked by a machine, such as if they are damaged, or unable to be scanned 25, or from ballot marking devices (BMDs) used by voters who are unable or uncomfortable marking a ballot by hand. While BMDs may be needed for voters with disabilities, they have known issues when used in large populations.

Analysis of the routers, Splunk logs, and paper ballots is still ongoing. We’ll update this page as more findings are uncovered.

Continued Debate

Maricopa County officials took to Twitter and sympathetic media channels to deny the allegations and minimize the report’s findings. They claimed the results were mistaken and that they had provided everything in the Senate’s subpoena, despite several key items still being withheld.

Members of the Maricopa County Board of Supervisors, as well as Ken Bennett, Senate liason for the audit, presented testimony to Federal Congress’ Oversight Committee on the findings, during which the county admitted to removed election files from machines prior to the audit. 26

Dr. Shiva, who ran the audit of ballot envelopes, held a follow-up open discussion forum on the Maricopa Audit, open to Republicans, Democrats and state/county officials. See the full video and our summary here.

Cyber Ninjas later provided a great, detailed rebuttal to Maricopa County on their denials and deflections. It addresses specific claims, one-by-one, with screenshot evidence and links to further references.

So what happens now?

Senator Karen Fann has forwarded all reports onto Attorney General Mark Brnovich, who is in the process of identifying criminal activity and other breaches of law that need to be prosecuted.

The state congress will also likely explore further actions such as potentially decertifying the results. We expect to hear more about this in the coming days and weeks. 27

Voter Canvassing Effort

The original scope of the Maricopa Forensic Audit included voter canvassing — directly interviewing voters and visiting registered addresses to confirm that official records match how residents actually voted. The Federal Department of Justice swiftly enacted significant pressure against this canvassing, saying that it equated to “voter intimidation”, and would be potentially illegal. This blockade of the Senate’s efforts forced them to focus on the remaining aspects of the audit.

But hundreds of private citizens such as those led by Liz Harris had already begun their own grass-roots canvassing effort, visiting 11,708 residential properties and gathering data on 4,570 voters. On Sep 8, 2021, Harris shared her report revealing that:

  • Votes lost
    Out of 964 residents interviewed who were on record as having not voted — over 34% of them said they actually did vote. 1 in 3 of these voters had their votes “lost”. If this rate is applied to the entire county, this would account for 165,518–180,690 lost votes. A similar survey in Nov 2020 found an even higher rate of 50.1% of mail-in ballots not being recorded. 28

  • Votes added
    5.66% of the interviews identified “phantom” voters who did not reside at their specified address, yet submitted mail-in ballots. This could affect an estimated 96,389 mail-in ballots out of the 1.7 million total. They discovered repeated instances over 8+ years whereby this occurred.

    In some cases the ballot was crossed out and returned to the county, at other times the ballot was retained by the real resident; yet in both of these types of cases, ballots were somehow recorded as “returned”, and a vote was counted.

  • Smaller scale issues such as votes cast by mail from vacant lots

The team is also surveying all Arizona residents via a form at, asking as many residents as possible to identify which method they used to vote during the 2020 election, so that any issues with the county records can be identified.

Similar grassroots canvass efforts are underway in at least 7 states. Learn more about the thousands of irregularities being uncovered in our article on Door-to-Door Canvassing Results.

Get Involved

Volunteers are needed to help verify the irregularities found. One key way this is done is through voter canvassing, with teams analyzing the county and state records and voter rolls, and others going door-to-door to identify whether the records match the actual residents living at the address.

Learn more about Canvassing Volunteer in Your State

You can also contact your state representatives and ask them to thoroughly investigate all credible allegations and ensure forensic audits are pursued to completion, across all necessary counties.

Contact Arizona State Representatives

Election Audit Groups on Telegram

To join the grassroots efforts in pursuing election integrity and audits of the 2020 election in Arizona, you can join the following groups on Telegram:

For other states, see our Full List of Telegram Channels. has no affiliation with nor any responsibility for these channels. Discern carefully, as some users and even admins of channels have shown obstruction to transparent audits of our elections.

State Representatives Supporting Election Integrity & Audits

Following the results of the Maricopa Arizona Forensic Audit, 112 state representatives signed a letter asking for forensic audits in all 50 states. The signatories for Arizona include:

  • Senator Wendy Rogers
  • Senator Sonny Borrelli
  • Senator Kelly Townsend
  • Representative Mark Finchem
  • Representative Leo Biasiucci
  • Representative Joseph Chaplik
  • Representative Jacqueline Parker
  • Representative Beverly Pingerelli
  • Representative Kevin Payne
  • Representative John Fillmore
  • Representative Jake Hoffman
  • Representative Judy Burges

Raw Data

  • In most states, the certified election results and voter registration statistics are available from the Secretary of State or State Board of Elections. Check their website for details.

  • The New York Times 2020 Election Site contains results for all states, with several maps and charts

  • Our own Data Explorer Tool allows you to inspect the 2020 New York Times data, including the time-series data of how the counting progressed, and can be downloaded in JSON or CSV format. It also includes counts for every precinct and county.

  • provides detailed results for 2020 and previous years. Some data is freely accessible on their website, while some, such as detailed historic results in CSV format, is purchasable for a fee.

  • Jeff O’Donnell has compiled additional data at that may be useful:

Footnotes & References

  1. Censored “The Current State Of Our Country”, Rudy Giuliani, Trump Legal Team, (around 16m 30s mark). Unfortunately, this video has been censored by YouTube, and no longer appears to be accessible via this link. We will update the address once we have a new link.  2 3 4

  2. Governor Doug Ducey not only certified the tainted results (as a win for Joe Biden), but appears to have repeatedly opposed election integrity investigations and reforms. Donald Trump issued at least two public statements, criticizing Ducey’s unwillingness to fix election integrity. Ducey has also stated that it’s legally impossible for Arizona to decertify the 2020 election, but this has been disputed by others including attorney Matt DePerno. 

  3. Arizona is one of just two states in the United States that requires proof of citizenship when registering to vote. The loophole, the Federal Only ballot (see explanation), which voters may use instead, does not require this documentation. Instead, voters are limited to federal races.

    The exploitation of this loophole of “Federal Only” voters was flagged by Senator Kelly Townsend on Telegram (view post) and also in an article by The Gateway Pundit, Jun 6, 2021.

    Arizona’s Secretary of State website outlines the official requirements for voter registration, proof of citizenship, and how “federal only” votes supposedly work. 

  4. Report: “2020 Presidential Election Startling Vote Spikes: Statistical Analysis of State Vote Dumps in the 2020 Presidential Election” by Eric Quinnell (Engineer); Stan Young (Statistician); Tony Cox (Statistician); Tom Davis (IT Expert); Ray Blehar (Government Analyst, ret’d); John Droz (Physicist); and Anonymous Expert. 

  5. Patrick Byrne, traditionally a Libertarian, developed a team of computer specialists to investigate election integrity issues including the notorious one-sided “spikes” found in several states and has written extensively about them on his website See “Evidence Grows: ’20 Election Was Rigged” (Nov 24, 2020) and his book “The Deep Rig”.  2

  6. CDC Media: “Evidence To Soon Be Presented To Citizens Grand Jury Of Interstate Conspiracy To Manufacture/Harvest Counterfeit Ballots For Use In 2020 Election”, July 21, 2021. 

  7. UPDATE: Arizona Citizens Investigation Discovers Thousands of Phantom Voters in State – Up to 30% of Addresses in Investigation Were Fraudulent”, DJHJ Media, Jan 1, 2021. 

  8. Arizona Election Fraud Investigation Continues Despite Governor’s Certification”, Uncover DC, Dec 2, 2020. 

  9. American Voters Alliance & The Amistad Project: “The Legitimacy and Effect of Private Funding in Federal and State Electoral Processes”, Dec 14, 2020. 

  10. InfluenceWatch: “Center for Tech and Civic Life (CTCL)”  2 3

  11. RealClear Investigations: “How Zuckerberg Millions Paid for Progressives to Work With 2020 Vote Officials Nationwide”, May 26, 2021. The article outlines many of the specifics about how the funds were spent. 

  12. 39 Election fraud witnesses take case to Michigan Supreme Court, one alleges outside influence by Zuckerberg funded charities”, The Sara Carter Show, Dec 3, 2020  2

  13. Caesar Rodney Election Research Institute, as reported in The Federalist: “The 2020 Election Wasn’t Stolen, It Was Bought By Mark Zuckerberg”, Oct 12, 2021. 

  14. See also our Michigan Report for more about Zuckerberg’s interference there, including a legal case taken to the Supreme Court. 

  15. The Gateway Pundit: “Both “Accredited” Voting System Test Laboratories Hired by Maricopa County Forgot To Audit Something In Their Audits, July 4, 2021.  2

  16. Maricopa County votes to audit machines used in November election”, Fox 10 Phoenix, Jan 27, 2021.  2

  17. From the full letter from Arizona Senate to Maricopa County Board of Supervisors, May 12, 2021. View PDF 2 3

  18. From Arizona Audit Senate Hearing, July 16, 2021. A short summary of the 2 hour hearing is available from OAN via this link. The full hearing was available on YouTube Censored or on Rumble, here 2 3 4 5 6 7

  19. The Spectator Australia: “The Big Lie vs Stop the Steal”, July 24, 2021.  2 3

  20. Correction: We previously quoted the report as saying Cyber Ninjas writes, “based on these factual findings, the election should not be certified, and the reported results are not reliable.” Apparently this conclusion that “the election should not be certified” was included in an early, leaked draft report, but Doug Logan, author of the report states that this was added to the draft by a junior audit staff member and was removed from the final report. 25 29 Doug made every attempt to present the findings factually and neutrally. We have since removed that statement. 

  21. UncoverDC explains these files and what they were expected to contain. See “Cyber Ninjas Report: 255,326 Ballots Cast, No Record Of Receipt”, Sep 28, 2021. 

  22. According to Dr. Shiva, there was a massive surge of duplicate ballots AFTER the polls closed on election day. Between November 4th and November 9th, 25% of all double votes were received by election officials, eventually getting counted in the final total. Curious timing? Did they wait to see how many extra votes they needed? See the relevant snippet of the presentation via this Tweet.

    Dr. Shiva and his research team were able to track the timing of the duplicate ballots by looking at the timestamps of all Early Voting Ballots that were received by election officials.

    Dr. Shiva also held a follow-up open forum on the Maricopa Audit. See the full video and our summary here

  23. Maricopa County claims that they “archived” a lot of data prior to the audit, and are still in possession of this data, but since it was not listed in the subpoena, they were not required to provide it to auditors. It has not yet been confirmed whether this data actually exists as they claim. 

  24. Maricopa County claim that these security practices are unnecessary because the vote tabulation network is “airgapped” (meaning it’s on its own isolated network, unconnected to the internet), however they appear to be naively unaware (or criminally complicit) as to the numerous ways that attackers can infiltrate an airgapped network. Evidence in the report also demonstrates that there were periods of internet connectivity, contradicting their claims.  2 3 4

  25. Conservative Podcast: Interview with Doug Logan, Cyber Ninjas CEO, Oct 7, 2021. It’s a long video, and we’ve misplaced the timestamp, but it’s probably within the 10min - 1hr segment.  2

  26. C-Span User Clip: “Maricopa County Admits They Deleted Files That Were Archived, Not Given in Subpoena”, Oct 7, 2021. Or see the full 3hr 45min hearing video, on C-Span. 

  27. Whether the state legislature can actually “decertify” the previous election is hotly debated. Arizona Governor Doug Ducey has stated it’s not legally possible to do so, and he won’t pursue it (although he has been highly resistant to the entire audit process, and potentially complicit). Attorney Matt DePerno has written to Senator Wendy Rogers and also stated in interviews that the Constitution does give this power to the state. They just need the courage to exert the power given to them. 

  28. Interestingly, Maricopa County stated in their 2020 Voter Education report that 2,160,412 residents requested an early ballot, but only 1,915,487 of them returned their ballot. This equates to 244,925 voters who were recorded as not returning the ballot that they, themselves requested. Is it logical to expect that 11.3% of engaged voters who requested a ballot decided not to return it?

    For an overview of the Maricopa Voter Education report, see Dr. Shiva Liva: Maricopa Audit Open Forum for Public, Press & Maricopa Election Officials, from 21min 40sec mark. 

  29. According to interview with Doug Logan at The Gateway Pundit: “Exclusive Interview with Doug Logan from Cyber Ninjas on the Arizona Senate Forensic Audit – Updated”, Sep 28, 2021 

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